What’s new

August 2016 update

Another 75 items have been added to the Virtual Library, bringing the total number of items to over 500, representing over 150 languages ... read more

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RESULTS: 37 ITEMS FOR CATEGORY Language names & maps

Bardi [bcj] see all Bardi
Source: Donna Ifould/SBS
Indigenous linguist Donna Marie Ifould describes in story-telling and sand-drawing video the roots of languages of the Kimberley area where she comes from, connecting the languages to ancestry, land, and star constellations.
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Bidjara [bym] see all Bidjara
Source: Yugambeh Corporation
The Yugambeh museum page has links to a range of language resources including Yugambeh app, local language map, and language wordlists for Yugambeh, Gungarri, Yugarabul, Wakka Wakka, Jandai, Bidjara, Gabi Gabi, and Gamilaraay.
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Darug [xdk] see all Darug
Source: Australian Museum (Val Attenbrow)
Includes Aboriginal place names around Sydney Harbour and Botany Bay, Clan names and language groups
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Gabi Gabi [gbw] see all Gabi Gabi
Source: Yugambeh Corporation
The Yugambeh museum page has links to a range of language resources including Yugambeh app, local language map, and language wordlists for Yugambeh, Gungarri, Yugarabul, Wakka Wakka, Jandai, Bidjara, Gabi Gabi, and Gamilaraay.
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Gunggari [kgl] see all Gunggari
Source: Yugambeh Corporation
The Yugambeh museum page has links to a range of language resources including Yugambeh app, local language map, and language wordlists for Yugambeh, Gungarri, Yugarabul, Wakka Wakka, Jandai, Bidjara, Gabi Gabi, and Gamilaraay.
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Gupapuyngu [guf] see all Gupapuyngu
Source: Glottolog
Glottolog’s resource page for Gupapuyngu, a Yolngu language of NT. The page shows Gupapuyngu’s location on a map, its place within its language family, and a large number of references for the language (most are harvested from bibliographic sources and the items are not necessarily online). See also the main Glottolog page.
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Source: Yolngu people / Yasunori Hayashi
Site with a range of information about Yolngu culture, language, placenames, and about 30 songs. The whole site may be viewed in Yolngu matha, English, or Japanese. Note: the media may require browser plugins.
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Jandai [jan] see all Jandai
Source: Yugambeh Corporation
The Yugambeh museum page has links to a range of language resources including Yugambeh app, local language map, and language wordlists for Yugambeh, Gungarri, Yugarabul, Wakka Wakka, Jandai, Bidjara, Gabi Gabi, and Gamilaraay.
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Kamilaroi/Gamilaraay [kld] see all Kamilaroi/Gamilaraay
Source: Yugambeh Corporation
The Yugambeh museum page has links to a range of language resources including Yugambeh app, local language map, and language wordlists for Yugambeh, Gungarri, Yugarabul, Wakka Wakka, Jandai, Bidjara, Gabi Gabi, and Gamilaraay.
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Kaurna [zku] see all Kaurna
Source: Kaurna Warra Pintyandi and the Land Services Group
The Kaurna Place Names project aims to identify and map places with Kaurna names and to encourage the use and increase knowledge of these names.Includes, maps, language information, and audio of spoken introduction.
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Source: Kaurna Warra Karrpanthi Aboriginal Corporation
A language organisation supporting the Kaurna language. Ths site contains links to language resources, wordlists, maps, courses, placenames, language requests, and audio versions of Welcome to Country.
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Murrinh-Patha [mwf] see all Murrinh-Patha
Source: Wadeye Aboriginal Community, NT
Clan names and their languages at Wadeye (Port Keats).
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Nyikina [nyh] see all Nyikina
Source: Donna Ifould/SBS
Indigenous linguist Donna Marie Ifould describes in story-telling and sand-drawing video the roots of languages of the Kimberley area where she comes from, connecting the languages to ancestry, land, and star constellations.
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Nyulnyul [nyv] see all Nyulnyul
Source: Donna Ifould/SBS
Indigenous linguist Donna Marie Ifould describes in story-telling and sand-drawing video the roots of languages of the Kimberley area where she comes from, connecting the languages to ancestry, land, and star constellations.
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Wakka Wakka [wkw] see all Wakka Wakka
Source: Yugambeh Corporation
The Yugambeh museum page has links to a range of language resources including Yugambeh app, local language map, and language wordlists for Yugambeh, Gungarri, Yugarabul, Wakka Wakka, Jandai, Bidjara, Gabi Gabi, and Gamilaraay.
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Yolngu [aus-x-yoq] see all Yolngu
Source: Glottolog
Glottolog’s resource page for Gupapuyngu, a Yolngu language of NT. The page shows Gupapuyngu’s location on a map, its place within its language family, and a large number of references for the language (most are harvested from bibliographic sources and the items are not necessarily online). See also the main Glottolog page.
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Source: Yolngu people / Yasunori Hayashi
Site with a range of information about Yolngu culture, language, placenames, and about 30 songs. The whole site may be viewed in Yolngu matha, English, or Japanese. Note: the media may require browser plugins.
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Yugambeh [yub] see all Yugambeh
Source: Yugambeh Corporation
The Yugambeh museum page has links to a range of language resources including Yugambeh app, local language map, and language wordlists for Yugambeh, Gungarri, Yugarabul, Wakka Wakka, Jandai, Bidjara, Gabi Gabi, and Gamilaraay.
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Yugarabul [aus-x-ygq] see all Yugarabul
Source: Yugambeh Corporation
The Yugambeh museum page has links to a range of language resources including Yugambeh app, local language map, and language wordlists for Yugambeh, Gungarri, Yugarabul, Wakka Wakka, Jandai, Bidjara, Gabi Gabi, and Gamilaraay.
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Many languages or language not specified
Source: David Horton/Museum of Australian Democracy
The definitive map of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander territories and nations. There are some disagreements about aspects of the map but it is the most current and authoritative one available. Zoomable.
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Source: David Horton/AIATSIS
AIATSIS has finally published online their own highly-influential map of Australian Indigenous groups. Includes a zoomable function, information about the compilation of the map, and this useful list of alternative language names and spellings.
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Source: David Horton/AIATSIS/ABC
Map of Australian language territories. Although this map has been criticised, disclaimed by AIATSIS, and has appeared and disappeared on various websites, it remains the most widely known and used map of language territories.
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Source: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages
The map of Victorian languages was produced with contributions from both the Indigenous Community & academic research. The A4-size map is downloadable.
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Source: Sovereign Union of First Nations and Peoples in Australia
This page brings together well-known maps from other sources - including the Horton/AIATSIS map and the Tindale map, all zoomable and downloadable.
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Source: Summer Institute of Linguistics
A list of Australia’s Indigenous languages with basic facts about classification, number of speakers, variant names, and links to pages for each language. A useful source but note that many languages are not listed.
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Source: First Languages Australia
A new, interactive map of Australian languages using the names and groupings favoured by communities. Regional language centres have provided updated maps for their regions.

There is also a detailed look-up list of language names.

Clicking on some languages will pop up a ‘Language Legends’ panel where you can listen to, see video, and find out more about the language.

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Source: Harald Hammarström / Robert Forkel / Martin Haspelmath / Sebastian Nordhoff
Glottolog provides a comprehensive, innovative, easily-searchable catalogue of classification and reference information for the world’s languages, especially lesser known languages.
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Source: NT Aboriginal Interpreter Service
Map and list of most widely spoken Aboriginal languages in the NT. Also listed by region and community/place name.
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Source: Nicholas Thieberger
The Internet Archive version of Nick’s comprehensive 1996 annotated bibliography and guide to the Indigenous languages of most of Western Australia.
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Source: ABC
A clickable and zoomable language map (based on the Horton map; see also this one) with links to resources for various languages. This is one of the best versions of the Horton map still available on the web.
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Source: David Horton / AIATSIS
The ABC’s version of the Horton map of Australian Indigenous nations. Has a handy movable magnifier - mouse over the map to see enlarged detail. There is also a link to download a larger higher-resolution version.
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Source: AIATSIS
Searchable database of names, codes and locations for Australian languages and peoples.
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Source: Ethnologue, Summer Institute of Linguistics
Family tree diagram for Australian languages, with links to individual language pages with basic information about the languages. A useful source but note that many languages are not listed.
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Source: Laurent Dousset
List of Australian Aboriginal tribes from AusAnthrop.
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Source: AIATSIS
Downloadable versions of the Language Thesaurus (as PDF or RTF).
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Source: Glottolog / Harald Hammarström / Robert Forkel / Martin Haspelmath / Sebastian Nordhoff
Map interface to Glottolog’s reference list of Australian languages. Provides language relationship information and comprehensive bibliographies.
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Source: Wikipedia
List of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island languages, alphabetical, with variant names and some ISO codes.
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Source: Claire Bowern
Claire’s continually updated list of Australian language names, with ISO codes, language groupings, geographic co-ordinates and mapping polygon data. See also the blog page link.
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Source: Claire Bowern
Claire created downloadable Google Earth (.kmz) files with locations of Australian languages, organised by family and subgroup.
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Source: Nicholas Thieberger, AIATSIS
Map showing numbers of speakers of Australian languages, based on Tindale map.
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Source: Queensland Indigenous Languages Advisory Committee
The Queensland Indigenous Languages Advisory Committee worked with language workers and projects around the state to compile a map and list of Queensland languages and their family groups.
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Source: National Library of Australia/Norman B. Tindale
Zoomable map by Norman Tindale from 1940 showing the distribution of Aboriginal groups. The map should not be taken as a correct or contemporary representation of languages or groups. However it has considerable historical value and some problems have been in the way it has been interpreted and used. On the other hand, VACL says: "When [Tindale] began that project during the 1920s the popular view was that Aboriginal groups roamed across the landscape, with no fixed territories. This map is therefore a crucial document in Australian cultural history; graphic evidence that no part of Australia was terra nullius, empty land."
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Source: South Australian Museum Archives
A detailed catalogue of Aboriginal language groups from Tindale’s 1974 book Aboriginal Tribes of Australia. Information on locations, alternatives names, colonial/historical sources, and more. The catalogue is also an index to Tindale’s Tribal Boundaries Map. The SA Museum’s caution that the "catalogue represents Tindale’s attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact" is itself highly problematic.
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Source: Norman B. Tindale/South Australian Museum
Tindale’s 1974 map of Australian Indigenous groups and boundaries. It has been both highly influential and controversial. The SA Museum’s caution that the "catalogue represents Tindale’s attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact" is itself highly problematic.
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Source: Christopher Moseley / UNESCO
A list of about 2,500 endangered languages throughout the world, searchable by name, country, map, or ‘vitality’. Unfortunately the map is misleading in regard to Australia, as it excludes most of the languages of eastern and southern Australia (and ignores Tasmania).
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Source: WANALA
WANALA is a collaborative alliance for Aboriginal organisations, projects and activities in the west and north of Australia aimed at supporting, promoting, and teaching languages, and providing services such as interpreting and translation.
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